A look at American history - Cours d'Anglais avec Maxicours - Collège

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A look at American history

The first inhabitants of America were of Asian origin. They lived in tribes all over the continent.
The White man arrived at the end of the 15th century. American history is quite recent.
1. The first settlers : 1492-1800
1492 Christopher Columbus discovered America by mistake : he intended to go to India. Many explorers soon followed him to make profit.

1607. Virginia, the first colony, was founded.

1619. The first African slaves arrived and were forced to work on the tobacco plantations.

1620. The Mayflower landed with English Puritans on board to escape from religious persecutions.

1607-1733. The settlers founded thirteen colonies : Virginia, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maryland, Connecticut, Rhode Island, North Carolina, South Carolina, New York, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Georgia.

1775-1783. The War of Independence.

1776, July 4th. With the Declaration of Independence, the thirteen colonies became the United States of America.

1787. The Federal Constitution was adopted.

1789. George Washington was elected the first president of the USA.

2. The fights of the federation : 1800-1924
America became the symbol of wealth and freedom. Europeans came to find work.

1803-1848. New states were purchased : Louisiana, Florida, Texas, New Mexico and California. The conquest of the West caused the Indian extermination. The frontier between the East and the West disappeared.

1848. The Gold Rush to California started.

1861-1865. The Civil War opposed the industrial North to the Agrarian pro-slavery South.

1865. Abolition of slavery all over the continent after the victory of the North.

1865, April 14th. Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln by an anti-abolitionist.

1868. The Blacks became American citizens.

1892-1924. Ellis Island was used as an immigration station with quotas to limit the number of immigrants coming from all parts of Europe.

1924. The Indians were given American nationality.

3. The United States of America today
1929-1933. After World War I, a period of prosperity, (but with prohibition) was followed by the Great Depression and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal policy.

December 1941. The USA entered World War II after the attack of Pearl Harbour.

August 1945. The two Atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

1945. The Yalta agreements to organize the post-world war.

1950-1953. The Korean War.

1963. Assassination of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy.

1962-1973. The Vietnam War.

1968. Assassination of Martin Luther King, a Black reverend who fought segregation.

1974. The Watergate scandal. President Richard Nixon resigned.

2001, June. fifty states and their 43rd president, Georges W. Bush.

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