The discovery of a new continent- Terminale- Anglais - Maxicours

The discovery of a new continent

Objectif

Découvrir les deux hommes ayant participé à la découverte du Nouveau Monde : Vespucci et Colomb.

Points clés
  •  Amerigo Vespucci :
    • Il est né en 1454 à Florence, en Italie.
    • Après avoir travaillé pour les Médicis, il se fait marin. Il prétend avoir vu les terres d'Amérique du Sud en 1497. 
    • C'est en son honneur que l'on aurait baptisé le nouveau continent.
  • Christophe Colomb :
    • Il est né en 1451 en Italie. 
    • Parti à la recherche d'une nouvelle voie maritime vers l'Asie, il découvre par hasard l'Amérique en 1492. Son expédition était financé par l'Espagne.
    • Il était persuadé d'avoir débarqué en Inde : d'où l'erreur qu'il fit (et qui perdura) d'appeler les locaux Indiens.

Two men are associated with the discovery of the American continent: Amerigo Vespucci and Christopher Columbus. We will examine their life and their contribution to the discovery.

1. Amerigo Vespucci
He was born in 1454 and died in 1512.

He was born into one of the most cultured families in all of Florence (Italy). Amerigo Vespucci was chosen to manage all the financial affairs of the Pier Francesco House of Medici. This job gave him a great deal of excess money of his own.

Early in 1493, he became a sailor and explorer who made several journeys across the Atlantic and claimed to have been the first to have seen South America in 1497.

The name "America" is said to have been based on his first name. Some people have suggested other origins.

Amerigo Vespucci heard sailors telling stories about "the most famous voyage ever taken place", the voyage of the Portuguese Bartolomeu Dias to the Cape of Good Hope in 1488. He also heard occasional mention of the Italian Christopher Columbus who had been granted ships in order to find a western route to India.

 

 
Doc. 1. Amerigo Vespucci
2. Christopher Columbus
He was born in 1451. He was an Italian sailor who was the first European to discover America in 1492 by mistake while seeking gold.

He had persuaded King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain to pay for his attempt to find a new route to Asia by crossing the Atlantic Ocean.

When he arrived at one of the Caribbean islands, he thought he had landed in Asia and he continued to believe it for the rest of his life. He named the local people Indians (which was a mistake since he had landed in America and not in India).

He made three more journeys to America but they were not commercially successful and he lost favour. He died in poverty in 1506.

 

 
Doc. 2. Christopher Colombus

Vous avez déjà mis une note à ce cours.

Découvrez les autres cours offerts par Maxicours !

Découvrez Maxicours

Comment as-tu trouvé ce cours ?

Évalue ce cours !

 

Des profs en ligne

quote blanc icon

Découvrez Maxicours

Exerce toi en t’abonnant

Découvrir le reste du programme

Des profs en ligne

  • 6j/7 de 17 h à 20 h
  • Par chat, audio, vidéo
  • Sur les matières principales

Des ressources riches

  • Fiches, vidéos de cours
  • Exercices & corrigés
  • Modules de révisions Bac et Brevet

Des outils ludiques

  • Coach virtuel
  • Quiz interactifs
  • Planning de révision

Des tableaux de bord

  • Suivi de la progression
  • Score d’assiduité
  • Un compte Parent