Malcolm Little changed his name to Malcolm X and became the leader of the movement in 1963.
Contrary to Martin Luther King who advocated non-violence, Malcolm X advocated violence for Black people to obtain what they wanted. According to Malcolm X, non-violence could not permit Blacks to obtain what they wanted – only violent methods could. That's the reason why they opted for revolutionary violence and self-defence.
He was murdered (most probably by Black Muslims) in Harlem, New York, after a pilgrimage to Mecca, where he saw religious black and white Muslims together in harmony and adopted a less confrontational approach.
Spike Lee directed a film, Malcolm X (1992) with Denzel Washington in the main role.
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