1. The Beatles (1960-1970)
This band was composed of John Lennon
, Paul Mc
, George Harrison
and Ringo Starr
They started in Liverpool and quickly became successful because
they could blend the "beat" of rock and roll and the
melodies of songs.
John Lennon and Paul Mc Cartney composed almost all the
songs. They are now still very famous:
Yesterday (1965), Michelle (1965), Yellow
Submarine (1966), Hey Jude (1968)...
They separated in 1970 and started solo careers, but
John Lennon was assassinated in 1980.
2. Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977)
was famous in Hollywood but he was born
in London in a poor family of actors
He is now regarded as the best comic actor in the
After playing on stage with his brother, he started with silent films:
The Kid (1921); The Gold Rush (1925).
Then he shot satires: Modern Times (1936) or
The Great Dictator (1940) in which he violently mocked
He died in Switzerland in 1977.
3. Winston Churchill (1874-1965)
was a predominant figure in the first
of the 20th
He was twice Prime Minister: first during World War II
(1940-1945). He was then very important for the victory of the Allies over Germany and
Japan and during the Yalta Conference (1945).
He became Prime Minister again from from 1951 to 1955 in
a Conservative government.
He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1953 thanks to his Memoirs.
He died in 1965 aged 91.
4. Charles Dickens (1812-1870)
was born in Portsmouth in 1812. He had an
because he was forced to
in a factory
. His father
went to prison for debts. Dickens
read a lot of books so his life and his readings educated him as
a talentuous writer
He wrote a great quantity of novels that are still
very popular today: Oliver Twist (1837),
David Copperfield (1849), Little Dorrit (1855).
5. Elizabeth II (the second)
is the present queen of Great Britain
and the daughter
of late King George VI. Born in
, she started her reign in 1952
, and was crowned
at Westminster Abbey in 1953.
She married Philip, Duke of Edinburgh in
1947. Her four children are Prince Charles,
Princess Anne, Princes Andrew and Edward.
In Great Britain, the Queen has no real power because important decisions depend
on the parliament. But for the English people,
she represents the unity of their country.
6. William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
is regarded as the most famous
His life remains a mystery but we know he was born in
Stratford-Upon-Avon in 1564 and was self-taught because
he left school quite early.
He went to London and founded the Globe
He wrote 34 plays among them Romeo and Juliet,
Hamlet, Macbeth... They are all about man, love and ambition.