What is Art for ?
- Découvrir un des aspects de la notion d'étude art et pouvoir
- Approfondir sa réflexion sur la question du sens de l'art
L'art est une question personnelle, mais si nous nous y intéressons tous, c'est bien qu'il répond à des besoins, pas uniquement esthétiques, que nous avons tous. Lesquels ?
- L'art agit comme un antidépresseur en nous permettant d'oublier nos problèmes.
- L'effet inverse est aussi vrai : il nous réconforte en nous montrant que nous ne sommes pas les seuls à vivre des moments durs.
- L'art peut nous compléter en nous apportant ce qu'il nous manque.
- L'art révèle que la beauté est partout.
- Les images étant souvent plus explicites que les mots, l'art se fait le support de messages (politiques, optimistes, de dénonciation...)
It seems very difficult to answer this simple question because art is a personal matter and everybody has their own opinion about it. But the fact that lots and lots of people go to museums everywhere in the world shows that we need art not only because what we are going to see is beautiful but also because it brings us something we are looking for in our lives as we are going to see below.
Five reasons will show you that the importance of art does not only lie in the aesthetic characteristics of the subject painted, though it is one of the reasons why people will admire a painting. Indeed art matters more than we think because it helps us tackle with life and its issues in a different way.
First, art makes us positive, optimistic, hopeful. Flowers, happy people or blue skies contrast with our everyday lives and while we are watching them we do not think of the terrible catastrophes that surround us (wars, earthquakes, pandemics...). They act on us like a cure and prevent us from falling into depression.
Then, we must keep in mind that other types of paintings like those depicting sadness or pain may reassure us in the sense that they tell us that life is not a long, quiet river. Edvard Munch’s Melancholy is evidence that loneliness and distress exist and that lots of people have to put up with them, just like us. We are not alone in facing problems in our day-to-day business.
Art is also a compensation for what we are not or what we lack like tenderness or optimism for example. Art is consequently meant to counterbalance all those who are too emotional, too artistic or too intellectual and who feel that something is missing in them. We love to see what we are not familiar with because we are always looking for it. Being more balanced is also being saner.
Art makes us understand that insignificant things can be glamorous, as glamorous as models or cars that media love to praise. Grass, skies can be glamorous too. Have a look at Turner’s skies to understand that glamour can hide where you do not expect it. Remember Van Gogh’s Still Life with Baskets and Six Oranges or Marcel Duchamp’s urinal called Fountain. Art is thus giving a central role to things that really matter and does not focus on superfluous subjects.
Last, we all have seen on different occasions that art can be used for propaganda because images are often more explicit than words, but works of art do not only promote political views like Picasso’s Guernica which denounces war, they can also highlight more optimistic subjects like landscapes or a happy family and express that life can be worth living too.
To sum up we can say that there is more to art than aesthetic lines and shapes. It is a source of support that offers a more peaceful approach to life. Art encompasses lots of positive values which we must learn to decipher when admiring a work of art. It is not beautiful only; it tries to tell us things that we must be prepared to catch. Art reveals what is in our hearts.
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